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Syllabus of History

The Civil Services Examination offers a vast scope when it comes to any type of high post job filling in the country. Mostly the exam is conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). 23 posts are available under this single platform examination which is the UPSC examination. To crack this high post-UPSC examination you need to know the details of the History Optional in Anna Nagar by joining the UPSC coaching center in Chennai as it can be the right one to guide you

The top services offered by this exam after choosing History Optional in Anna Nagar include the following post: – Administrative Service (IAS) and the Indian Police Service (IPS) with other types of posts like Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Revenue Service (IRS), etc. To ensure the vital service is carried out effectively, there is a need for the right candidate to positively impact the whole country.

Syllabus of History Paper 1

The syllabus of History Optional in Anna Nagar for Paper 1 comprises the following concepts:

  1. Archaeological Sources: Exploration, epigraphy, excavation, numismatics, monuments – Understanding history through remains of past societies.Literary Sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; literature, literature in regional languages, scientific literature, poetry, religious literature – Understanding history through written documents. Foreign Account: Chinese, Arab and Greek writers – Understanding India through accounts of foreigners.
  2. Pre-History and Proto-History: Geographical factors; hunting and gathering (mesolithic and paleolithic); Beginning of agriculture (chalcolithic and neolithic) – Understanding the earliest human societies in India.
  3. Megalithic Cultures: Distribution of pastoral and farming cultures outside the Indus, Development of community life, Development of agriculture, Settlements, Crafts, Pottery, and Iron industry – Understanding the emergence of megalithic’s social, cultural and economic developments.
  4. Indus Valley Civilization: Origin, extent, date, characteristics – survival, decline, and significance, art and architecture – Understanding the Indus Valley Civilization along with its  impact on Indian history.
  5. Aryans and Vedic Period: Vedic literature, Expansions of Aryans in India, Political, social, and economical life, Evolution of Monarchy and Varna system – Understanding the Vedic period in India and Aryans.
  6. Mauryan Empire: Foundation of the Mauryan Empire, Chandragupta, Kautilya, and Arthashastra, Ashoka, Polity, Administration, Economy, Art, architecture, and sculpture, Religion, Literature – Understanding the Mauryan Empire and its impact on Indian history.
  7. Post-Mauryan Period (Indo-Greeks, Kushanas, Sakas, Western Kshatrapas): Contact with outside world, economy, growth of urban centres, development of religions, art, culture, architecture, literature, and science – Understanding the post-Mauryan period along with its impact on Indian history.
  8. Period of Mahajanapadas: Formation of States, Rise of Trade routes, urban centres, Economic growth, Spread of Buddhism and Jainism – Understanding the period of Mahajanapadas and its significance.
  9. Early State & Society in Deccan, Eastern India, and South India: Kharavela, The Satavahanas, Economy, Administration, Buddhist centres, Tamil States of the Sangam Age, Sangam literature and art, culture and architecture – Understanding early state and society in Deccan, Eastern India, & South India.
  10. Guptas, Vardhanas and Vakatakas: Polity and administration, Caste system, Economic conditions, Education and educational institutions, Position of women, Literature, art, and architecture – Understanding the Vakatakas, Guptas, and Vardhanas and their impact on Indian history.
  11. Regional States during Gupta Era: The Pallavas, Kadambas, Chalukyas of Badami, Polity and Administration, Literature, Trade guilds, Growth of art and architecture, religious sects – Understanding the regional states that was emerged during the Gupta Era along with their impact on Indian history.
  12. Early Medieval India 750-1200: Northern India and the peninsula, agrarian economy, trade, Cholas, Brahman status, science, and cultural traditions.
  13. Themes in Early Indian Cultural History: Art and architecture, Languages and texts, philosophical thinkers and schools, ideas in Mathematics and Science – Understanding the cultural history of India through various themes.
  14. Thirteenth Century: Delhi Sultanate, Iltutmish and Balban’s rule, Ghorian invasions.
  15. Fourteenth Century: “Khalji Revolution”, Firuz Tugluq, Muhammad Tughluq, society, culture, and economy.
  16. Fifteenth and Early Sixteenth Century: Mughal Empire, Sur Empire, Vijayanagara Empire, Provincial Dynasties, Bhakti, and Sufi movements and Portuguese colonial enterprise.
  17. Akbar: Conquests, religious and social outlook, art, and technology, Rajput policy.
  18. Mughal Empire in the Seventeenth Century: Administrative policies, religious policies, Zamindars, revolts, state nature, Shivaji and Maratha Kingdom, Ahom kingdom.
  19. 16th and 17th Centuries: Population, craft production, mercantile classes, agriculture, trade, peasant and women conditions, Sikh community.
  20. Eighteenth Century: Decline of Mughal Empire, regional principalities, Maratha ascendancy, Afghan power, and state of political, cultural, and economic on eve of British conquest.
  21. Culture during Mughal Empire: Persian and Hindi literature, painting, architecture, music, science, and technology.

UPSC aspirants should prepare for Paper 1 History Optional in Anna Nagar because it is an important component of the UPSC exam and covers the significant events, cultures, and civilizations of India’s past, which is essential for understanding the country’s present and future.


Syllabus of History Paper II

The syllabus of History Optional in Anna Nagar for Paper 2 comprises the following concepts:

  1. European Penetration into India: Early European Settlements, English and French East India Companies, Portuguese and Dutch, Battle of Plassey, Carnatic and Bengal Wars.
  2. British Expansion in India: Battle of Marathas, Buxar, Mysore, Anglo-Maratha Wars, Punjab, Bengal-Mir Jafar and Mir Kasim.
  3. Economic Impact of British Colonial Rule: Land revenue settlements, dislocation of trade and commerce, commercialization of agriculture, deindustrialization, famine and poverty, drain of wealth, European business enterprise.
  4. Early Structure of the British Raj: Early administrative structure, Charter Act, Regulating Act, Pitt’s India Act, diarchy to direct control, free trade, utilitarianism.
  5. Social and Cultural Developments: Indigenous education, orientalist-anglicist controversy, western education, literature, press, science, modern vernacular literature, Christian missionary activities.
  6. Social and Religious Reform Movements: Young Bengal Movement, Brahmo Movement, Islamic revivalism, widow remarriage, sati, child marriage, tribal uprisings, peasant movements, Indian Nationalism, Great Revolt of 1857, Safety-valve thesis, Civil Disobedience Movement, Swadeshi Movement, Gandhi.
  7. Constitutional Developments in Colonial India: 1858-1935.
  8. Consolidation as a Nation: Nehru’s foreign policy, linguistic reorganization of states, regionalism, integration of princely states, caste and ethnicity in post-colonial politics, economic development, land reforms, planning, ecology and environmental policy.
  9. Other Strands in the National Movement: Revolutionaries, Hindu Mahasabha, Muslim League, left parties, partition, politics of separatism, transfer of power, communalism, independence.
  10. National Movement: Revolutionaries from Punjab, Bengal, Maharashtra, Madras, U.P., and Outside India; Politics of Separatism; Transfer of Power; Left within Congress and other left parties; Independence.
  11. Enlightenment and Modern Ideas: Major ideas of Enlightenment, rise of socialist ideas, spread of Enlightenment in the colonies, American Revolution and Constitution, European states system, French Revolution and aftermath.
  12. Consolidation as a Nation: Linguistic Reorganisation of States; Nehru’s Foreign Policy; Integration of Princely States; Regionalism; National Language.
  13. Caste and Ethnicity: Tribes and Backward Castes in Post-Colonial Politics; Dalit Movements.
  14. Economic Development: Ecology and Environment; Planning and Rural Reconstruction; Land Reforms; Progress of Science.
  15. Origins of Modern Politics: European States System; French Revolution; British Democratic Politics; American Revolution; American Civil War.
  16. Enlightenment and Modern Ideas: Spread of Enlightenment in Colonies; Major Ideas of Enlightenment; Rise of Socialist Ideas.
  17. Industrialization: Industrialization in other countries; English Industrial Revolution; Industrialization and Globalization.
  18. Imperialism and Colonialism: Latin America and South Africa; Australia; South and Southeast Asia; Rise of Neo-Imperialism.
  19. Nation-State System: State-Building in Germany and Italy; Rise of Nationalism; Disintegration of Empires.
  20. Revolution and Counter-Revolution: Russian Revolution; 19th Century European Revolutions; Chinese Revolution; Fascist Counter-Revolution.
  21. World Wars: Total Wars and Societal Implications; Causes and Consequences of World War I and II.
  22. The World after World War II: UNO and Global Disputes, Emergence of Two Power Blocs; Third World and Non-Alignment.
  23. Decolonization and Underdevelopment: Factors Constraining Development in Africa and Latin America.
  24. Unification of Europe: NATO and European Community; Post-War Foundations; Expansion and Consolidation of European Community; European Union.
  25. Liberation from Colonial Rule: Apartheid to Democracy in Africa; Egypt in the Arab World; Bolivar in Latin America; Vietnam in South-East Asia.
  26. Rise of Unipolar World and Disintegration of Soviet Union: Factors Leading to Collapse of Soviet Union; End of Cold War and US Ascendancy;Political Changes in East Europe.

UPSC aspirants should prepare for Paper 2 History Optional in Anna Nagar because it covers World History and Indian Society, Culture, and Polity, which is important to understand the global context and India’s socio-political environment, and it also helps in developing critical and analytical thinking skills.

Structure of History optional Exam

The Indian Administrative Service is the most prestigious post created by the Government of India. When it comes to hierarchy, IAS is the top post when it comes to the other 24 posts like IPS, IFS, etc. IAS is the highest cadre in the Indian administrative service and is also a part of the executive branch. It is one of the high posts among 3 high cadre posts, which got employment through Union Government, State Government, and public sector undertaking.

The examination conducted UPSC examination is to go through a screening test only. The marks procured by the candidates in the Preliminary Examination declared to be qualified for admission to the Main Examination, but anyhow the main examination may not be counted till the final order of merit. The candidates, who attempt the main examination that can be filled up the post about 12 to 13 times by the total number of vacancies commenced every year.

The main examination is conducted every year to evaluate the candidate’s intellectual traits and understanding of the depth of his knowledgeability and wide range of I.Q. The exam comes up with General studies papers 11 to paper V, and only an educated person can answer them without any specialized study.

The total interview is conducted for 275 marks, there is no minimum mark for qualification. The rank of the candidate is determined by the mark obtained in writing and interview a total of the written and interview marks. The rank is determined above the written examination mark plus the interview mark obtained. As per the rank secured, the candidates are given the post accordingly.

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